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Python list remove

last modified October 22, 2022

In this article we show how to remove list elements in Python.

A list is an ordered collection of values. It is a mutable collection. The list elemetns can be accessed by zero-based indexes.

It is possible to delete list elements with remove, pop, and clear functions and the del keyword.

Python list remove

The remove function removes the first occurrence of the given value. It raises ValueError if the value is not present.

main.py
#!/usr/bin/python

words = ["sky", "cup", "new", "war", "wrong", "crypto", "forest",
         "water", "cup"]

print(words)

words.remove("cup")
print(words)

words.remove("cup")
print(words)

The program defines a list of words. We delete two words from the list.

$ ./main.py 
['sky', 'cup', 'new', 'war', 'wrong', 'crypto', 'forest', 'water', 'cup']
['sky', 'new', 'war', 'wrong', 'crypto', 'forest', 'water', 'cup']
['sky', 'new', 'war', 'wrong', 'crypto', 'forest', 'water']

Python list pop

The pop function removes and returns the element at the given index. If the index is not explicitly defined, it defaults to the last. The function raises IndexError if list is empty or the index is out of range.

main.py
#!/usr/bin/python

words = ["sky", "cup", "new", "war", "wrong", "crypto", "forest",
         "water", "cup"]

w = words.pop(0)
print(f'{w} has been deleted')

w = words.pop()
print(f'{w} has been deleted')

print(words)

In the program, we delete two words with pop. We print the deleted words to the console.

$ ./main.py 
sky has been deleted
cup has been deleted
['cup', 'new', 'war', 'wrong', 'crypto', 'forest', 'water']

Python list clear

The clear method deletes all items in the list.

main.py
#!/usr/bin/python

words = ["sky", "cup", "new", "war", "wrong", "crypto", "forest",
         "water", "cup"]

print(f'there are {len(words)} words in the list')

words.clear()

print(f'there are {len(words)} words in the list')

The program uses the clear function. It also counts the number of list elements with len.

$ ./main.py 
there are 9 words in the list
there are 0 words in the list

Python list del

Alternatively, we can also use the del keyword to delete an element at the given index.

main.py
#!/usr/bin/python

words = ["sky", "cup", "new", "war", "wrong", "crypto", "forest",
         "water", "cup"]

del words[0]
del words[-1]

print(words)

vals = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
del vals[0:4]

print(vals)

In the program, we delete elemetns with del.

del words[0]
del words[-1]

We delete the first and the last element of the list.

vals = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
del vals[0:4]

Here, we delete a range of integers.

$ ./main.py 
['cup', 'new', 'war', 'wrong', 'crypto', 'forest', 'water']
[4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]

In this tutorial, we have shown how to delete list element in Python.

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