The first part of the IronPython Mono Winforms tutorial introduces the Mono platform and the Winforms library.
About this tutorial
This is Mono IronPython Winforms tutorial. Mono IronPython Winforms tutorial is for beginner programmers. The goal of this tutorial is to teach readers basics of GUI programming in Mono Winforms for the IronPython programming language. The tutorial is created and tested on Linux. Nevertheless, it can be used on other operating systems as well. Most examples should run without modification. Images used in this tutorial can be downloaded here.
Mono is an open development initiative sponsored by Xamarin to develop an open source, UNIX version of the Microsoft .NET development platform. It is a .NET compatible set of tools, which include C# compiler, Common Language Runtime, ADO.NET, ASP.NET and Winforms libraries.
Mono can be divided into three groups:
- Core components
- Gnome development stack
- Microsoft compatibility stack
The core components are the C# language and the Common language runtime. The Gnome development stack includes the GTK# library and various database connectivity libraries. Finally, the Microsoft compatibility stack includes the ADO.NET, ASP.NET and the Winforms libraries.
Mono is multiplatform programming platform. It can be run on Linux, BSD, Mac OS X, Solaris and Windows operating systems. It is a multilanguage effort. For now, only C# language is fully supported. Languages like Visual Basic or IronPython are not yet finished. They are still being developed.
Windows Forms is a graphical user interface application programming interface (API) included as a part of Microsoft's .NET Framework. As of 13 May 2008, Mono's System.Windows.Forms 2.0 is API complete. Simply put, Winforms is a library for creating GUI applications.
IronPython is an implementation of the Python programming language for the .NET Framework and Mono. IronPython is written entirely in C#. There are some significant differences between Python and IronPython.
Runnning code examples
Our tutorial uses IronPython language.
#!/usr/bin/ipy import clr clr.AddReference("System.Windows.Forms") from System.Windows.Forms import Application, Form class IForm(Form): def __init__(self): self.Text = 'Simple' self.Width = 250 self.Height = 200 self.CenterToScreen() Application.Run(IForm())
This small code example shows a simple window on the screen. It uses the Winforms library. It is coded in IronPython.
This is the path to the IronPython interpreter.
$ chmod +x simple.py $ ./simple.py
We make the script executable and run it.
This was an introduction to the Mono IronPython Winforms.