Dialogs in Jython Swing

In this part of the Jython Swing programming tutorial, we will work with dialogs.

Dialog windows or dialogs are an indispensable part of most modern GUI applications. A dialog is defined as a conversation between two or more persons. In a computer application a dialog is a window which is used to "talk" to the application. A dialog is used to input data, modify data, change the application settings etc. Dialogs are important means of communication between a user and a computer program.

Message boxes

Message boxes are convenient dialogs that provide messages to the user of the application. The message consists of text and image data.

#!/usr/local/bin/jython
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""
ZetCode Jython Swing tutorial

In this program, we show various
message boxes.

author: Jan Bodnar
website: www.zetcode.com
last modified: November 2010
"""

from java.awt import GridLayout
from javax.swing import JButton
from javax.swing import JFrame
from javax.swing import JOptionPane
from javax.swing import JPanel



class Example(JFrame):

    def __init__(self):
        super(Example, self).__init__()

        self.initUI()

    def initUI(self):

        self.panel = JPanel()
        self.panel.setLayout(GridLayout(2, 2))

        error = JButton("Error", actionPerformed=self.onError)
        warning = JButton("Warning", actionPerformed=self.onWarning)
        question = JButton("Question", actionPerformed=self.onQuestion)
        inform = JButton("Information", actionPerformed=self.onInform)
    

        self.panel.add(error)
        self.panel.add(warning)
        self.panel.add(question)
        self.panel.add(inform)

        self.add(self.panel)

        self.setTitle("Message boxes")
        self.setSize(300, 200)
        self.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE)
        self.setLocationRelativeTo(None)
        self.setVisible(True)


    def onError(self, e):
        JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(self.panel, "Could not open file",
            "Error", JOptionPane.ERROR_MESSAGE)

    def onWarning(self, e):
        JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(self.panel, "A deprecated call",
            "Warning", JOptionPane.WARNING_MESSAGE)

    def onQuestion(self, e):
        JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(self.panel, "Are you sure to quit?",
            "Question", JOptionPane.QUESTION_MESSAGE)

    def onInform(self, e):
        JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(self.panel, "Download completed",
            "Information", JOptionPane.INFORMATION_MESSAGE)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    Example()

We use the GridLayout manager to set up a grid of four buttons. Each of the buttons shows a different message box.

def onError(self, e):
    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(self.panel, "Could not open file",
        "Error", JOptionPane.ERROR_MESSAGE)

In case we pressed the error button, we show the error dialog. We use the showMessageDialog() method to show the dialog on the screen. The first parameter of this method is the frame, in which the dialog is displayed. The second parameter is the message to be displayed. The third parameter is the title of the dialog. The final parameter is the message type. The default icon is determined by the message type. In our case, we have ERROR_MESSAGE message type for the error dialog.

Error message dialog
Figure: Error message dialog

JColorChooser

The JColorChooser is a standard dialog for selecting a colour.

#!/usr/local/bin/jython
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""
ZetCode Jython Swing tutorial

In this program, we use the
JColorChooser to change the color
of a panel.

author: Jan Bodnar
website: www.zetcode.com
last modified: November 2010
"""

from java.awt import BorderLayout
from java.awt import Color
from javax.swing import BorderFactory
from javax.swing import JColorChooser
from javax.swing import JButton
from javax.swing import JToolBar
from javax.swing import JPanel
from javax.swing import JFrame


class Example(JFrame):

    def __init__(self):
        super(Example, self).__init__()

        self.initUI()

    def initUI(self):

        self.panel = JPanel()
        self.panel.setLayout(BorderLayout())

        toolbar = JToolBar()
        openb = JButton("Choose color", actionPerformed=self.onClick)

        toolbar.add(openb)

        self.display = JPanel()
        self.display.setBackground(Color.WHITE)

        self.panel.setBorder(BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder(30, 50, 30, 50))
        self.panel.add(self.display)
        self.add(self.panel)

        self.add(toolbar, BorderLayout.NORTH)


        self.setTitle("Color chooser")
        self.setSize(300, 250)
        self.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE)
        self.setLocationRelativeTo(None)
        self.setVisible(True)


    def onClick(self, e):

        clr = JColorChooser()
        color = clr.showDialog(self.panel, "Choose Color", Color.white)
        self.display.setBackground(color)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    Example()

In the example, we have a white panel in the center of the window. We will change the background color of the panel by selecting a color from the color chooser dialog.

clr = JColorChooser()
color = clr.showDialog(self.panel, "Choose Color", Color.white)
self.display.setBackground(color)

This code shows a colour chooser dialog. The showDialog() method returns the selected colour value. We change the display panel background to the newly selected colour.

ColorDialog
Figure: ColorDialog

JFileChooser

JFileChooser dialog allows user to select a file from the filesystem.

#!/usr/local/bin/jython
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""
ZetCode Jython Swing tutorial

In this program, we use the
JFileChooser to select a file from
a filesystem.

author: Jan Bodnar
website: www.zetcode.com
last modified: November 2010
"""

from java.awt import BorderLayout

from javax.swing import BorderFactory
from javax.swing import JFileChooser
from javax.swing import JTextArea
from javax.swing import JScrollPane
from javax.swing import JButton
from javax.swing import JToolBar
from javax.swing import JPanel
from javax.swing import JFrame
from javax.swing.filechooser import FileNameExtensionFilter


class Example(JFrame):

    def __init__(self):
        super(Example, self).__init__()

        self.initUI()

    def initUI(self):

        self.panel = JPanel()
        self.panel.setLayout(BorderLayout())

        toolbar = JToolBar()
        openb = JButton("Choose file", actionPerformed=self.onClick)

        toolbar.add(openb)

        self.area = JTextArea()
        self.area.setBorder(BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder(10, 10, 10, 10))

        pane = JScrollPane()
        pane.getViewport().add(self.area)

        self.panel.setBorder(BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder(10, 10, 10, 10))
        self.panel.add(pane)
        self.add(self.panel)

        self.add(toolbar, BorderLayout.NORTH)


        self.setTitle("File chooser")
        self.setSize(300, 250)
        self.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE)
        self.setLocationRelativeTo(None)
        self.setVisible(True)


    def onClick(self, e):

        chooseFile = JFileChooser()
        filter = FileNameExtensionFilter("c files", ["c"])
        chooseFile.addChoosableFileFilter(filter)

        ret = chooseFile.showDialog(self.panel, "Choose file")

        if ret == JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION:
            file = chooseFile.getSelectedFile()
            text = self.readFile(file)
            self.area.setText(text)


    def readFile(self, file):
        filename = file.getCanonicalPath()
        f = open(filename, "r")
        text = f.read()
        return text


if __name__ == '__main__':
    Example()

In our code example, we use the JFileChooser dialog to select a C file and display its contents in a JTextArea.

self.area = JTextArea()

This is the JTextArea in which we will show the contents of a selected file.

chooseFile = JFileChooser()
filter = FileNameExtensionFilter("c files", ["c"])
chooseFile.addChoosableFileFilter(filter)

We create an instance of the JFileChooser dialog. We create a filter which will show only C files.

ret = chooseFile.showDialog(self.panel, "Choose file")

The dialog is shown on the screen. We get the return value.

if ret == JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION:
    file = chooseFile.getSelectedFile()
    text = self.readFile(file)
    self.area.setText(text)

If the user has selected a file, we get the name of the file. Read its contents and set the text to the text area component.

def readFile(self, file):
    filename = file.getCanonicalPath()
    f = open(filename, "r")
    text = f.read()
    return text

This code reads the text from the file. The getCanonicalPath() returns an absolute file name.

JFileChooser
Figure: JFileChooser

In this part of the Jython Swing tutorial, we worked with dialog windows.